Between in 1644 and 1647,
Sakaida village became independent of some other villages. Ariji Family who used to have been so-called villege master,has long lived here to do their duties for about 150 years.
And the present master of Ariji Family is said to be the fifteenth generation.
This house can be easy to be estimated to have a history of over 300 years in the point of the style and technique of it.
The characteristics of the house was that it had,so to speak,the character as a village office and was moreover equipped with the functions of both wholesale shop and inn.
This architecture has been regarded as a representative of the private house equipped with the function of hall which used to be found to the east-north in Tamagata Prefecture.
And this is the architecture which was designated as an important cultural assets by the Japanese Goverment in 1968 and is now owned by Mogami town.
During the periods from June in 1970 till march in 1972 ,the construction of scrap and reconstruction was achieved and restored to the original state by the Mogami town under the coach and control of the Agency for Cultural Affairs and the institations concerned.
Mogami town was born on the first of September in 1954.
The town was called under the name of Oguni before in 1954,and one of the best places where they had produced a lot of horses for long years. The beginning of producing horses is assumed to have been about in the Middle Ages.
It was in the middle part of Edo era that they had bugun to genuinely produce horses in this district.
Since then,this district developped as the center of the home where horses to be ridden exclusively had been mainly produced.
In this district,male horses called as Oguni Koma which had been produced in Oguni were shipped to Edo(Tokyo now)or Echizen district(Wakayama now).
In 1893(Meiji 25),Oguni district was designated as the base in order to supply army horses and 836 horses used to have been bought for 53 years till 1944 by the military authorities.
In his so famous poetry,"Nomi Shirami Uma no Shito suru Makura moto"means that there were some functions as the very home to produce horses in the background.
It is said that Hojin-no-Ie was the old private house which used to be owned and used as a residence by the Ariji Family and also used as a Guard House by some officials to protect the frontier against the enemy.
It is imagined that the old private house called as the Ariji Family House was located in the Sakaida Village belonging to the Shinjo territory,where bordered on the Sendai territory.
On May 15,1689 Mr.Basho Matsuo famous haiku saint passed with his disciple Sora through the checkpoint iso called Shitomae-no-sekij belonged to the Sendai territory,and hurried to walk into the Dewa territory.
However,it was already getting dark then.So it is said that they couldn't help staying at the Ariji Family's house for 2 nights because it was a rainy season and had been raining hard."When they were climbing the mountain,it hard already got dark then. And they found out the Hojin-no-Iye in order to stay at.
Finally,they couldn't help staying for 3 days at the House in the boaring mountain because of the strong wind and heavy rain.",he said.
"Nomi Shirami Uma no Shito suru Makura Moto"means that they were bitten by a lot of fleas and rice and disturbed by the horse's urination and couldn't sleep good because they were lying in the horse's house.
He wrote such a thing in his so famous diary named as Okuno Hosomichi.
Sora wrote in his diary that they started Sakaida villege on the 17th of May on a fine day. They left for Mr Seifu Suzuki in Obanazawa with a young guide whom Ariji Family's master hired for them by crossing over a dangerous place called as Natagiri Toge pass.
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